1. Understand the role of the United States in the world geo-political system.

    2. Understand the physical environments in the United States and the world along with

    the processes that shape them and the problems they present to human occupation
    and use.

    3.Understand how population, migration, culture, economics, urbanization, and

    political factors produce complex networks and systems of human activity around the
    4. Understand civil rights and human rights in the contemporary world.
    5. Understand economic development, economic globalization and global resource use.
    6. Understand the characteristics, distribution, and complexity of Earth’s cultural mosaics.
     National Geography Standards:

    1       How to use maps and other geographic representations, geospatial technologies, and spatial thinking to understand and communicate information        

     2       How to use mental maps to organize information about people, places, and environments in a spatial context      

     3       How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface    

     4       The physical and human characteristics of places      

     5       That people create regions to interpret Earth's complexity    

     6       How culture and experience influence people's perceptions of places and regions   

     7       The physical processes that shape the patterns of Earth's surface     

     8       The characteristics and spatial distribution of ecosystems and biomes on Earth's surface    

     9       The characteristics, distribution, and migration of human populations on Earth's surface    

     10     The characteristics, distribution, and complexity of Earth's cultural mosaics           

     11     The patterns and networks of economic interdependence on Earth's surface           

     12     The processes, patterns, and functions of human settlement 

     13     How the forces of cooperation and conflict among people influence the division and control of Earth's surface   

     14     How human actions modify the physical environment         

     15     How physical systems affect human systems

     16     The changes that occur in the meaning, use, distribution, and importance of resources       

     17     How to apply geography to interpret the past           

     18     How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future     



    Mississippi College and Career Readiness Standards: Reading

    RH.6-8.1 Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources.

    RH.6-8.2 Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.

    RH.6-8.3 Identify key steps in a text’s description of a process related to history/social studies (e.g., how a bill becomes law, how interest rates are raised or lowered). Craft and Structure

    RH.6-8.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.

    RH.6-8.5 Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).

    RH.6-8.6 Identify aspects of a text that reveal an author’s point of view or purpose (e.g., loaded language, inclusion or avoidance of particular facts). Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

    RH.6-8.7 Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts.

    RH.6-8.8 Distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment in a text.

    RH.6-8.9 Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic. Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

    RH.6-8.10 By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 6–8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.


    Mississippi College and Career Readiness Standards: Writing

    WHST.6-8.1 Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content.

    WHST.6-8.1a Introduce claim(s) about a topic or issue, acknowledge and distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically.

    WHST.6-8.1b Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant, accurate data and evidence that demonstrate an understanding of the topic or text, using credible sources.

    WHST.6-8.1c Use words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.

    WHST.6-8.1d Establish and maintain a formal style.

    WHST.6-8.1e Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented.

    WHST.6-8.2 Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.

    WHST.6-8.2a Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information into broader categories as appropriate to achieving purpose; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.

    WHST.6-8.2b Develop the topic with relevant, well-chosen facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples.

    WHST.6-8.2c Use appropriate and varied transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.

    WHST.6-8.2d Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

    WHST.6-8.2e Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone.

    WHST.6-8.2f Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented. 

    WHST.6-8.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

    WHST.6-8.5 With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed.

    WHST.6-8.6 Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and present the relationships between information and ideas clearly and efficiently. Research to Build and Present Knowledge

    WHST.6-8.7 Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a selfgenerated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.

    WHST.6-8.8 Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.

    WHST.6-8.9 Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis reflection, and research. Range of Writing

    WHST.6-8.10 Write routinely over extended time frames (time for reflection and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.